Forecast Discussions mentioning any of
"ACARS" "MDCRS" "AIRCRAFT" "TAMDAR" "AMDAR" "WVSS" received at GSD on 05/24/22
Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Los Angeles/Oxnard CA
830 PM PDT Mon May 23 2022
Warmer conditions away from the coast expected through at least
the middle of the week under developing high pressure. The marine
layer will continue to impact coastal areas and nearby valley
areas, most expansive after Tuesday. Gusty winds will affect the
mountains and interior valleys each afternoon and evening after
.SHORT TERM (MON-THU)...23/820 PM.
The marine layer is a touch deeper than 24 hours ago, but should
shrink back down a little as onshore flow weakens later tonight.
Low clouds and marginal fog will impact all coastal areas over
southern Santa Barbara, Ventura, and Los Angeles Counties tonight
into Tuesday, along with some of the coastal valleys. Some dense
fog is possible but not certain from Lompoc to Santa Ynez,
otherwise the Central Coast will be clear. There will be a bit of
a battle between the marine layer, and a quick burst of offshore
flow (20-30 mph) Tuesday morning. With a temperature inversion on
the order of 10 degree Celsius however, this generally weak wind
burst will be far too impotent to scale back the marine layer
much if at all. If anything, it should help bring quicker clearing
over the valleys on Tuesday. That extra sunlight should bring a
few degrees of warming as a result. Coastal areas however should
see little to no warming with the marine layer holding fast. The
mountains and interior valleys on the other hand, being outside
of the marine layers reach, will see about 5 degrees of warming
with highs in the 90s. This includes the Santa Clarita Valley
which, going from marine layer to no marine layer, should see the
largest jump (10+ degrees) of temperatures on Tuesday. A few
temperature records (Lancaster and Paso Robles) could break on
Tuesday, but those records are abnormally low compared to records
on the days surrounding May 24th. Along with morning lows fairly
cool (providing much heat relief), Heat advisories are NOT being
considered at this point, but folks should be mindful and smart
with the heat. Seek air conditioning, drink lots of water, and
avoid prolonged sun exposure.
***From Previous Discussion***
Stronger onshore flow develops Wednesday afternoon with an
onshore LAX-DAG gradient of around 7-8 mb will support west winds
of 25 to 35 mph, with gusts to 45 mph over the Antelope Valley.
Minor edits were made to account for lingering marine layer
clouds this afternoon and increase cloud coverage this evening
into Tuesday morning. Otherwise, the forecast looked on track.
Overall, 00Z models in good synoptic agreement through the short
term period. At upper levels, ridge will build over the eastern
Pacific today/Tuesday then will be pushed eastward as a trough
approaches the West Coast. Near the surface, moderate onshore flow
Forecast-wise, main challenge will be the marine layer stratus.
Currently, AMDAR soundings indicate marine inversion around 1300
feet deep. With onshore gradients and eddy over the Bight, stratus
and fog should become widespread across the coastal plain south of
Point Conception, but could struggle getting into the coastal
valleys (based on latest satellite trends). North of Point
Conception, stratus/fog will remain confined to the west coast of
SBA county (mainly Lompoc and Vandenberg area) this morning.
Stratus should dissipate by late morning all areas. For
tonight/Tuesday, rising H5 heights will help squash the inversion
a bit, but areal coverage will be very similar to this morning
(with a little more penetration into the lower coastal valleys).
For Tuesday night/Wednesday, high resolution models indicate a
"southerly surge" which will combine with slightly lower H5
heights to allow for more widespread stratus coverage across the
coastal plain, reaching up to the SLO county coast (with a bit
more coverage across the lower coastal valleys). Other than the
stratus/fog, skies should remain mostly clear through Wednesday.
Secondary issue will be the temperatures. Given the overall
pattern, will expect a general warming trend for the area through
Wednesday. In fact by Wednesday, coastal areas will generally be
4-8 degrees above normal with inland areas 6-12 degrees above
normal. However, there is a chance that the coastal plain could be
a little bit cooler on Wednesday due to the southerly surge
increasing the marine influence.
As for winds, moderate onshore gradients will continue to generate
some gusty southwesterly winds each afternoon/evening across
interior sections. However, any advisory-level gusts will be very
localized in the usual `wind tunnels" such as Lake Palmdale.
.LONG TERM (FRI-MON)...23/224 PM.
For the extended, models continue to exhibit decent synoptic
agreement through the period. At upper levels, ridging gradually
slips eastward Thursday as a trough passes Friday. Near the
surface, onshore flow will prevail to the east with an increase in
northerly offshore flow over the weekend.
Forecast-wise, Thursday and Friday look similar with the
continuation of strong onshore flow. The LAX-DAG onshore gradient
is forecast to peak Thursday near 8-9 mb. The combo of continued
onshore flow and cyclonic flow aloft will allow for a bit more
widespread stratus/fog, reaching into the coastal valleys, with
mostly clear/partly cloudy skies elsewhere (due to high clouds
drifting overhead). Temperatures through Friday will exhibit a
From Friday night through Sunday, things get a little more
interesting, mainly due to increasing northerly winds. Models
indicate northerly gradients will gradually increase through the
weekend, peaking Saturday night/Sunday morning. Looking at the
NBM probabilities, there is generally a 75-85% chance of northerly
gusts 45-50 MPH Saturday night and Sunday night across the Santa
Ynez Range and the Interstate 5 Corridor. With this increased
northerly flow, areal coverage of marine layer stratus will
noticeably diminish through the weekend. Additionally, the lesser
marine influence and northerly offshore winds will allow for a
warming trend for the area (with the best warming west of the
At 23Z at KLAX, the marine layer was 1600 feet deep. The
inversion top as at 3800 feet and 23 degrees Celsius.
The next 24 hours should see a similar marine layer stratus
evolution expected as last 24 hours. 30 percent chance of LIFE
conditions at KSMX. OVC006-012 chances at at KSBA (80%) KOXR
(100%) KCMA (90%) KSMO (100%) KLAX (100%) KLGB (90%) KBUR (50%)
KVNY (30%). Moderate confidence in timing by +/- 3 hours. High
confidence in VFR at KPRB KSBP KWJF KPMD. High confidence in
gusty onshore winds typical for this time of the year.
KLAX...High confidence in low clouds for majority of tonight.
Random breaks are possible 01-08Z but less likely than last night.
Moderate confidence in CIGS staying above OVC010, with a chance of
dipping just below 06-12Z. High confidence in and east winds
staying well under 8 knots.
KBUR...High confidence in VFR through at least 06Z. 50 percent
chance of OVC006-010 09-17Z.
High confidence in Gale Force winds affecting the outer waters
north of Santa Cruz island through late tonight, especially well
offshore, with Small Craft Advisory conds eastern portions and
and S of Santa Cruz Island. SCA conds will continue Tue into Tue
evening N of Santa Cruz Island. The rest of the area should have
fairly benign and seasonal conditions through Tue night.
For Wednesday through Thursday afternoon, southerly winds will
push up to Monterey County and shove the seasonal coastal jet well
offshore. Local south to southeast winds of 10-15 knots are likely
near all coasts in the morning hours, especially Wednesday. More
significantly, seas will fall to nearly lake-like conditions by
Thursday, with only 2-4 feet total waves everywhere including the
Central Coast. The coastal jet should reform quickly Thursday
Night into Friday, with Gale Force (focused outer waters to
Central Coast) and widespread choppy seas returning for the
PZ...Gale Warning in effect until 3 AM PDT Tuesday for zones
670-673. (See LAXMWWLOX).
Small Craft Advisory in effect until 3 AM PDT Tuesday for
zone 676. (See LAXMWWLOX).
Experimental Graphical Hazardous Weather Outlook at: