Forecast Discussions mentioning any of
"ACARS" "MDCRS" "AIRCRAFT" "TAMDAR" "AMDAR" "WVSS" received at GSD on 07/13/21
Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Reno NV
136 PM PDT Mon Jul 12 2021
Excessive heat conditions continue for the region through Tuesday,
with a cooling trend to near normal by midweek. Isolated
thunderstorms mainly south of Highway 50 are expected to diminish
into the evening. Smoke from the Beckwourth Complex fire will
continue to impact portions of extreme eastern California and
western Nevada with periods of degraded air quality and reduced
.SHORT TERM...Tonight through Thursday evening...
* Still hot through Tuesday.
* Isolated to scattered thunderstorms will continue this evening
mainly south of Highway 50. Tomorrow will be much less active
mainly over Mono/Mineral County.
* Daily fire weather concerns persist. Limited periods of critical
conditions are possible each afternoon through this forecast
High pressure is expected to continue to dominate the weather
pattern through mid week. Deterministic and CAMs still favor a
general weakening of the overall high pressure pattern across the
region as successive embedded short waves continue to sag further
south and chip away at its western and northern edges each
day. This will translate into cool temperatures region wide for
the time being as the broader area of subsiding air finally gets
pushed further south and east into southern NV and the desert
Heat: As embedded waves continue to chip away at the omnipresent
area of high pressure over the Great Basin, a slight cooling trend
will follow, bringing temperatures into a more seasonal to
slightly above average range through the remainder of the week.
This includes overnight temperatures which should cool more
efficiently as the influence of the upper ridge retreats further
east and south from northern Nevada and northeastern California.
With lower overnight temperatures, daytime highs tomorrow through
Thursday should trend marginally cooler as well. Although
temperatures cool a few degrees by Wednesday, afternoon highs will
stay above seasonal averages with most western Nevada valleys
still approaching highs into the low 100s. Not much cooling
relatively speaking but its a good start.
Thunderstorms: Fewer thunderstorms are expected tomorrow
afternoon as less mid-level moisture and CAPE will be available
and confined mostly to the Mono-Mineral County convergence zone.
Therefore most storms will be isolated in nature and located
mostly south of Highway 50 in those areas where sufficient
moisture and instability remain. As with most storms this summer
season, expect gusty outflows to 40 mph and occasional cloud-to-
ground lightning. Drier air continues to move east and south into
into the region through Thursday with afternoon storm chances
dropping below 10%.
Winds and Fire Concerns: With the dry fuel conditions, single
digit RH, and breezy winds, higher fire weather concerns should
continue into the evening. Marginal, more intermittent critical
conditions will return tomorrow and Wednesday afternoons as the
zephyr along with a slight tightening of the pressure gradient
occurs with lower pressure moving into the Canadian Plains.
Smoke and Haze: Smoke and haze will remain in the forecast for
most of the region as long as fires remain active. Smoke was added
to the Reno Metro this morning due to the proximity of the Garson
Fire located just west of Reno. Air quality will likely be
somewhat degraded during the early morning hours as winds decouple
from the surface with low-level terrain driven flows dispersing
more smoke into populated areas. Air quality issues will persist
until mixing increases in the afternoon. Predictability remains
lower since levels of air quality due to smoke depend directly on
fire activity. Locations north of Intestate 80 are more certain
since the Beckwourth Complex remains very active and will likely
result in significant degradation of air quality for the next
24-48 hours across the region. -Chris/Amanda
.LONG TERM...Friday through early next week...
The long term period will start with somewhat cooler temperatures as
compared to the most recent record breaking heat seen across the
region. Ensemble simulations project by mid-week the anomalous
higher pressure that marked the stronger upper high and accompanying
ridging will recede more southeast into the Four-Corners region.
Although it will continue to exert its influence over the southwest
deserts, the ever present upper ridge will finally give way to the
constant bombardment from upper short waves sagging further south
and injecting cooler air into its western and northern quadrants.
This will translate into cool temperatures region wide for the time
being as the broader area of subsiding air finally gets pushed
further south and east into southern NV and the desert southwest.
A broad long wave trough pattern that has remained in reserve mostly
offshore over the eastern PAC will also begin to edge slowly into
the western US the latter half of the week. This increase a
southwest upper flow over the western NV that lasts through the
weekend. This will also ensure that the drier conditions continue,
coupled with the afternoon Zephyr breezes will enable a
continuation of elevated fire weather concerns into the weekend.
Thunderstorm activity should ebb a bit into the weekend as the drier-
stable southwest upper flow increases overhead. The southward
receding monsoonal moisture plume will further decrease the risk of
any storms but that may not stop an errant isolated storm from
popping up over the southern area of the Sierra Front. Ensemble
cluster guidance more or less carries along the above stated
notion into this weekend. By early next week the strong upper high
that has anchored itself over the Southwest Desert/Four-Corners
region will once again strengthen and expand westward into Nevada.
Uncertainty abounds as simulations show a resurgence of
increasing temperatures. But the currently available simulations
also show the return of the upper high increasing a southerly
mid-level upper flow that could draw additional monsoonal
moisture more west and north deeper into the western NV and the
Great Basin region in general. Increased moisture over the region
could also increases the risk of more hybrid thunderstorms and
clouds which may also dampen the hottest temps. Successive model
runs are needed in order to bring a more clearer image of upcoming
weather going into next week.
* Hot near-record temperatures today and Tuesday will intensify
density altitude values, which could be an impact for certain
aircraft types during peak heating in the afternoons.
* Breezy afternoon winds expected today and Tuesday for most
airfields. Mainly W/SW with gusts ~25 knots or so. Plan for
choppy rides as hot temps drive thermal development during the
afternoons. Smoke plumes from ongoing fires will produce MVFR-
IFR conditions east and northeast of the region.
* A few t-storms are possible today for the Eastern Sierra (KMMH)
and across parts of central NV (KHTH, KNFL). Probabilities are
running about 20-30% with primary concerns from high-based
storms being strong outflow winds above 40 knots and areas of
MVFR-IFR blowing dust.
Main concerns for today and tomorrow will be the near-critical fire
weather conditions due to breezy winds, dry conditions, and high
Haines (hot/unstable conditions).
The next couple of days will be pretty close to `hitting` critical
fire weather conditions, especially north of Interstate 80. For now,
the winds don`t appear to span a large enough area and also won`t
last for too long. The winds will likely be more of an enhanced
zephyr wind the next couple of afternoons and evenings. Unfortunately,
any breezes paired with the hot/unstable and dry conditions will
promote fire growth and result in ongoing fires burning very
actively through the evening. We will continue to headline these
concerns unless the conditions warrant an update or the
simulations start trending to stronger winds. These concerns are
headlined in the FWF, the fire partner briefings, and spot weather
Winds will be more typical zephyr speeds with gusts around 30 mph
for Wednesday. Later in the week and into the weekend, a trough
sets up off the coast as high pressure strengthens across the
4-corners region. Plan for increasing SW flow aloft, which could
allow for some enhanced winds again by later this week. The
difference for the latter half of the week will be some extremely
dry air across the Sierra and western Nevada. Mid slopes and
ridges will experience extremely poor overnight recoveries from
Wednesday through Thurdsay, due to this dry air slot. Extreme dry
air along with a return of more breezy winds will bear watching
for critical fire weather concerns.
NV...Excessive Heat Warning until 9 PM PDT Tuesday NVZ001-003>005.
CA...Excessive Heat Warning until 9 PM PDT Tuesday CAZ070-071.
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