Forecast Discussions mentioning any of "ACARS" "MDCRS" "AIRCRAFT" "TAMDAR" "AMDAR" "WVSS" received at GSD on 03/19/17

835 PM PDT Sat Mar 18 2017 .SYNOPSIS... A prolonged cooling trend will begin this weekend as a trough of low pressure builds into the West Coast. This pattern will support low clouds and patchy fog gradually expanding into the valleys. This persistent trough will bring rain and mountain snow at times with continued cool conditions next week. && .SHORT TERM...(SAT-TUE) Latest fog product imagery indicated low clouds surging in across the Central Coast this evening as well as the Santa Barbara Channel filling in almost to the SBA South Coast. Low clouds were also approaching LA/VTU coastal areas and should fill in over the next few hours. High clouds have and will continue to move across the region through Sunday as well. High temps average 3-6 degrees cooler in most locations with a few coastal areas similar to today where low clouds were persistent most of the day. Synoptically, a broad west coast trough will persist through much of next week with a few disturbances in the flow bringing periods of rain and snow in the long term portion of the forecast (Tue- Fri.) SW flow aloft with moderate onshore flow will continue to cause high temperatures to trend downward with best cooling likely for areas N of Point Conception with less in the way of cooling for areas to the south for Sunday. Highs will be in the lower to mid 60s along the coast with highs ranging in the 70s away from the coast to around 80 in the warmest valley locations. For tonight, low clouds will fill in across most all coastal areas with some stratus sneaking into the coastal valleys. However, latest AMDAR soundings were showing the marine layer shrinking to around 700 ft from the 1300 ft there was earlier this morning. Cross Sections from the NAM WRF were not indicating much in the way of low clouds deepening overnight. There is not much of an eddy this evening which is concerning if the marine layer stratus is going to deepen since thickness and heights will remain the same. For now have left patchy low clouds in the forecast for the San Gabriel, San Fernando as well as the Ventura County Valleys, but would not be surprised if there was less stratus in the valleys compared to early this morning. Overall there will be little change in the overall pattern through tomorrow with high temps. For Sunday night into Monday, low clouds are expected to deepen. A weak vort lobe will move over the region which could cause some drizzle or light rain to develop along the Coast and adjacent foothills and possibly across coastal areas of LA/VTU counties as well. Clouds will thicken up with a chance of light rain developing across NW SLO county by Monday afternoon spreading across much of the Central Coast and western portions of SLO/SBA Counties ***From Previous Discussion*** A cold front will move into SLO/SBA County Mon night, with rain spreading into much of SLO/SBA Counties and a chance of rain developing over VTU/L.A. Counties. The cold front will dissipate on Tue, while a second cold front moves in from the e Pac, bringing mainly light rain to much of the forecast area. There will also be breezy s to sw winds across the area, especially over higher terrain and in the Antelope Vly. Rainfall amounts Mon thru Tue should range from about a tenth to one quarter of an inch for many areas, with local higher amounts in the SLO County mtns. However, one quarter to one half inch or slightly more will be possible for the SLO County Central Coast, particularly in the far nwrn SLO County foothills. Snow levels will be quite high through Tue, generally above 8000 ft, so no snow impacts are expected in the mountains. Temps will be on a continued cooling trend Sun thru Tue. Highs should be down slightly on Sun, and down several degrees on Mon to slightly below normal for the coast and vlys and slightly above normal for the mtns and Antelope Vly. Then for Tue, highs will drop to about 3 to 8 deg below normal across the region. Highs in the warmest vlys will be in the mid 70s to near 80 on Sun, upper 60s to mid 70s on Mon, and mid to upper 60s on Tue. .LONG TERM...(WED-SAT) EC and GFS are in generally good agreement with regard to synoptic scale features during the extended period. A sharper upper trof and another surface cold front will impact the area on Wed with showers, and even a very slim chance of thunderstorms, less than 15 percent, so is not mentioned in the forecast. A chance of snow will be possible as well in the mountains, generally above 5500 to 6000 ft, with a few inches of accumulation not out of the question. There should be some residual moisture and lingering showers over the area into Thu, with mostly dry conditions expected Thu night into Fri morning as a weak upper ridge moves over the area. A large upper trof an surface cold front will approach from the e Pac Fri afternoon with rain moving into nwrn SLo County. The front will move into SLO/SBA Counties Fri night then across the rest of the forecast area on Sat. There is the potential for significant rain, mountain snow and gusty winds with this weather system. Temps across the region will remain several degrees below normal thru the extended period. Highs in the warmest vlys will be generally in the mid to upper 60s each day, except upper 60s to low 70s on Fri. && .AVIATION...19/0100Z. At 00Z, the marine layer depth was 700 feet at KLAX. The top of the inversion was around 1600 ft with a temperature of 21 degrees Celsius. Overall low to moderate confidence for coast and valley tafs in respect to timing. higher confidence with vis categories IFR to low MVFR through Sunday. On the Central Coast, moderate confidence for LIFR cigs +/1 hour from current 00z TAFs. 30% chance for IFR cigs early, then once again by Sunday morning after 15z. There is a 30% chance that IFR conditions will continue through the afternoon. South of Point Conception, stratus is expected to remain between IFR to MVFR categories for coastal areas...20% chance for brief LIFR this evening. 30% chance for cigs to continue through 21z. KLAX...Moderate confidence in 00Z taf. IFR to low MVFR conditions could return as soon as 04Z or may be delayed by up to 2 hrs. IFR conditions expected overnight...rising to MVFR after 12z but timing could differ by +/- 2 hrs from taf time. KBUR...High confidence in 00Z taf with VFR conds. Then lower confidence due to stratus. Cigs should be IFR, but could quickly go to low MVFR category by 13z. 40% that LIFR cigs could develop from 07z to 10z. Timing may differ by +/-2 hrs from taf times. && .MARINE...18/800 PM. Patchy fog is expected over much of the waters tonight into Sunday morning but no dense fog issues are expected. High confidence in no significant winds or seas through the weekend. Winds and seas will build Monday into Tuesday as a storm system approaches the region and SCA for gusty winds and short-period seas will likely be needed during this time. Another storm system will approach on Thursday with stronger SCA conditions possible. && .LOX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... CA...NONE. PZ...NONE. && .HAZARD POTENTIAL OUTLOOK...(TUE-SAT) Rain can be expected across the area on Tue, with showers and mountain snow showers into Wed. Slick roads will impact much of the area. A vigorous cold front will be possible Fri night and Sat, with significant rain, mountain snow, and gusty winds possible. Possible impacts include flash flooding and debris flows near recent burn areas, urban and small stream flooding, and wintry driving conditions in the higher mountains. && $$ PUBLIC...Kaplan/Sirard AVIATION...Kaplan MARINE...Smith SYNOPSIS...Sweet